You can easily make your own nutrient dense bone broth from the bones of beef, bison, fish, lamb, poultry (chicken, duck, goose, turkey) or venison. To avoid toxins, choose bones from animals that are organic, pastured, grass-fed and wild caught. Bones that contain cartilage are an excellent choice. They will produce a nutrient rich gelatin. I also recommend adding bones that include visible meat to enrich the flavor of your broth. The vegetables and spices are added both for flavor and added nutrients. Below you will read everything you need to know about making bone broth at home.
Here are several places to find bones for your stock:
- Keep all of your leftover bones from roasted chicken, a bone in roast, etc.. I store mine in a freezer bag in the freezer.
- Find a local butcher that processes the whole animal. If they do not carry the bones, they may be able to order them for you.
- Purchase bones from farmers who raise grass fed animals. Check out EatWild http://www.eatwild.com/products/index.html
- Ask your hunting friends to save bones for you during hunting season and store them in your freezer.
- Check with your grocer. Whole Foods sells soup bones
- Order online- U.S. Wellness or Tropical Traditions are good options
Types of bones that work best:
Beef – Choose marrow rich bones like knuckles, joints, neck and feet. For flavor, add meaty bones like oxtail, shank, and short ribs.
Pork – Pig’s foot can be added to any broth recipe and it will not affect the flavor.
Poultry – Use the full carcass of the bird including necks, backs and feet. Add extra wings and thighs to chicken or turkey bone broth.
Wild Game – Avoid using the spine. Deer, moose, elk and antelope work well.
Fish – Only cook fish broth for one hour to avoid a fishy taste. Cooking longer can cause the oils to become rancid. Fishmongers will often save fish bones for you for free. Use carcasses from non-oily fish such as cod, haddock, hake, sole and snapper. Avoid carcasses of oily fish such as salmon, tuna, herring and swordfish. Tip: Chop all of your veggies more finely than with other bone broths so that the flavor will release better in the shortened cook time
Simple Bone Broth Recipe
- Stove Top
- Slow Cooker
- Pressure Cooker
- 4 lbs bones choose the healthiest possible from beef, bison, venison, lamb, chicken or fish.
- 16 cups 1 gallon filtered water
- 2 Tbsp apple cider vinegar
- 2 onions quartered
- 4 carrots cut into 2-3 inch pieces
- 6 stalks of celery cut into 2-3 inch pieces
- 1 bunch parsley rough chop
- 2 bay leaves
- 1 Tbsp salt
- 2 Tbsp black peppercorns optional
- 2 cloves garlic
- herbs and spices if desired thyme, cayenne, rosemary, sage, etc.
- Preheat oven to 400°F.
- Place bones on a roasting pan and roast for 30 minutes until browned. This will bring the flavor out.
- Place the bones in a stock pot or dutch oven (minimum 6 quart). Alternatively, you can use a slow cooker on low heat for 24 hours. You can also use a pressure cooker for 3 hours.
- Add remaining ingredients If using the stovetop method, bring the broth to a boil. Once the broth begins a vigorous boil, reduce the heat to a simmer and cover with a lid.
- Simmer for 10-24 hours. The longer you simmer, the better the broth. (Do not leave it unattended, you can stop the process and continue cooking later if necessary).
- During the simmering process, check occasionally to ensure you have enough water. Add more if necessary to keep bones covered.
- Also during the simmering process, remove the foaming impurities that float to the surface and discard.
- After desired cook time, remove from heat and allow to cool completely.
- Strain the broth in a fine metal strainer to remove all of the solid matter.
- Store in the fridge for up to 5 days, or freeze up to 6 months for later use.
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